Academy of Ancient Languages

Online Resources for Learning
Ancient Languages

Learn to Read New Testament Greek
Course text by David Alan Black (Broadman & Holman, 1994)

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Lesson 2:
The Greek Verb System: A Bird's Eye View

Note p. 15, section 17: "You are not expected to memorize anything in this lesson. Instead, read the lesson carefully, concentrating particularly on those areas of the Greek verb that are newest to you."

Terms to Note:

  • inflection
  • gender, number, case
  • clause
  • finite, non-finite
  • lexical or dictionary meaning
  • stem, affix
  • prefix, infix, suffix
  • person-number suffix
  • lexical morpheme
  • paradigm
  • mood: indicative, subjunctive, imperative, infinitive, optative
  • voice: active, passive, middle
  • tense: present, future, imperfect, aorist, perfect, pluperfect,
    future perfect
  • primary (principal) tenses: present, future, perfect, future perfect
  • secondary (historical) tenses: imperfect, aorist, pluperfect
  • auxiliary verbs
  • composite tenses
  • aspect: imperfective, perfective, aoristic
  • kind of action, time of action